Hnn | HNN Articles

Ten Commitments: Guiding Principles for Teaching Values in America’s Public Schools

 

Many students spend as much or more time in school than they do at home. Therefore, the school must be a place that supports family and community efforts to build strong values. Consistent with our constitution and our ever-changing diverse society, such values can and ought to be taught free of ideology and theology. In that spirit, we offer the following values for public school teachers, administrators, and students. To be sure, schools are responsible for developing literate and skilled human beings. But they also must be committed to helping their students develop good personal, social, and citizenship values. This ethical mission is an essential part of all education, public and private, elementary through high school and university. In a democratic and pluralist society, we believe that the values presented should be the moral foundation of education.

-The Advisory Council of the Kochhar Humanist Education Center

1. Altruism

Altruism is the unselfish concern for the welfare of others without expectation of reward, recognition, or return. Opportunities for acts of altruism are everywhere in the family, the classroom, the school, and the wider community. Think of examples of altruistic acts in your experience. What person-to-person and group projects, classroom and school-wide activities, and community service projects might you and your students undertake?

2. Caring for the World Around Us

Everyone can and ought to play a role in caring for the Earth and its inhabitants. We can directly experience the living things in our homes and neighborhoods like trees, flowers, birds, insects, and pets. Gradually we expand our neighborhood. We learn about deserts and oceans, rivers and forests, the wild life around us and the wild life elsewhere. We learn that we are dependent on each other, on the natural world, and all that lives in it for food and shelter, space and beauty.

3. Critical Thinking

We gain reliable knowledge because we are able to observe, report, experiment, and analyze what goes on around us. We also learn to raise questions that are clear and precise, to gather information, and to reason about the information we receive in a way that tests it for truthfulness, accuracy, and utility. From our earliest years we learn how to think and to share and challenge our ideas and the ideas of others, and consider their consequences. Practice asking “what next?” and “why?” and “how do I/you/we know that?”

4. Empathy

We human beings are capable of empathy, the ability to understand and enter imaginatively into another living being’s feelings, the sad ones and the happy ones as well. Many of the personal relationships we have (in the family, among friends, between diverse individuals, and amid other living things) are made positive through empathy. With discussion and role-playing, we can learn how other people feel when they are sad or hurt or ignored, as well as when they experience great joys. We can use stories, anecdotes, and classroom events to help us nurture sensitivity to how our actions impact others.

5. Ethical Development

Questions of fairness, cooperation, and sharing are among the first moral issues we encounter in our ethical development as human beings. Ethical education is ongoing implicitly and explicitly in what is called the “hidden curriculum” that we experience through the media, the family, and the community. Ethics can be taught through discussion, role-playing, story telling, and other activities that improve analysis and decision-making regarding what's good and bad, right and wrong.

6. Global Awareness

We live in a world that is rich in cultural, social, and individual diversity, a world where interdependence is increasing rapidly so that events anywhere are more likely to have consequences everywhere. Much can be done to prepare the next generation for accepting the responsibility of global citizenship. Understanding can be gained regarding the many communities in which we live through history, anthropology, and biology. A linguistic, ethnic, and cultural diversity are present in the classroom and provide lessons of diversity and commonality. We help others reach understanding about the interconnectedness of the welfare of all humanity.

7. Human Rights

Human rights is the idea that people should have rights just because they are human beings. These rights are universal.  That is, they are for everyone no matter what their race, religion, ethnicity, nationality, age, sex, political beliefs, intelligence, disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity. School projects can be undertaken to learn about human rights, such as interviewing people who have once or are now participating in various rights movements. Student courts can introduce the idea and practice of due process, a key component of human rights.

8. Peace and Social Justice

A curriculum that values and fosters peace education would promote understanding, tolerance, and friendship among nations as well as among cultural and religious or philosophical groups. Education should include opportunities to learn about the United Nations’ role in preventing conflict as well as efforts to achieve social justice here in the United States. Students should learn about problems of injustice including what can be done to prevent and respond to them with meaningful actions that promote peace and social justice both at home and abroad.

9. Responsibility

Our behavior is morally responsible when we tell the truth, help someone in trouble, and live up to promises we've made.  Our behavior is legally responsible when we obey a just law and meet the requirements of membership or citizenship. But we also have a larger responsibility to be a caring member of our family, our community, and our world.  Stories and role-playing can help students understand responsibility and its absence or failure.  We learn from answering such questions as: What happens when we live in accordance with fair and just rules? What happens when we don’t? What happens when the rules are unjust?

10. Service and Participation

Life’s fulfillment can emerge from an individual’s participation in the service of humane ideals.   School-based service-learning combines community service objectives and learning objectives with the intent that the activities change both the recipient and the provider.  It provides students with the ability to identify important issues in real-life situations.  Through these efforts we learn that each of us can help meet the needs of others and of ourselves. Through our lifetime, we learn over and over again of our mutual dependence.

The Ten Commitments currently has 103 signers, including notables such as:

  • E.O. Wilson, Harvard University biologist and author of The Social Conquest of Earth
  • Harold Kroto, 1996 Nobel Prize winner in chemistry, Florida State University professor
  • Linda Darling-Hammond, Stanford University education professor
  • Anthony Pinn, Rice University professor of humanities
  • Dale McGowan, Foundation Beyond Belief executive director

To lend your support to the Ten Commitments, sign the document at khec.americanhumanist.org

blog comments powered by Disqus

American Humanist Association

Hey, take a breather and complete this puzzle! You work so hard. You really do d...

22 hours ago

American Humanist Association

It is unfortunate and far from fair when humanist celebrants are considered unof...

24 hours ago

American Humanist Association

Here is a break down of how religious beliefs affect political choices.

1 days ago

American Humanist Association

We are all familiar with this case. It may have been played out a bit in the med...

4 days ago

American Humanist Association

It is likely many of you will prefer this quote over the last. Enjoy!

4 days ago

American Humanist Association

What is your opinion on the United States' level of cooperation with the ICC? T...

4 days ago

American Humanist Association

The Ethical Dilemma: Advice for an Isolated Teenage Atheist Get TheHumanist.co...

4 days ago

American Humanist Association

The AHA is mentioned in this article about Humanist of the Year Barney Frank.

5 days ago

American Humanist Association

Check out the latest Humanist Hour Podcast with Muhammad Syed and Hiba Krisht on...

5 days ago

American Humanist Association

The NY Daily News reports on our recent congressional briefing

5 days ago

American Humanist Association

Carroll County: A Small Maryland Community Gets Big Attention for All the Wrong...

5 days ago

American Humanist Association

Matthew Bulger, the AHA's legislative associate, reports on our first congressio...

6 days ago

American Humanist Association

We're happy to welcome a new chapter, Washington DC, Atheists, Humanists and Agn...

6 days ago

American Humanist Association

Check out some photos from yesterday's congressional briefing on humanist celebr...

6 days ago

American Humanist Association

Our first congressional briefing was a success! The room was completely packed w...

7 days ago

American Humanist Association

Wonder Works Day Camp in Moscow, Idaho has begun! The first day was a huge succe...

7 days ago

American Humanist Association

The briefing on military chaplaincy has begun.

7 days ago

American Humanist Association

Today, the American Humanist Association will be hosting our first Congressional...

7 days ago

American Humanist Association

Thank You! Thank You! Thank You!

7 days ago

American Humanist Association

Here is a video from Harvard's Making Caring Common Project. 5 Ways to Raise M...

8 days ago

American Humanist Association

Why the Way We Live is More Important. Get TheHumanist.com by email once a week...

8 days ago

American Humanist Association

Hey, have a laugh! http://hmn.st/1sFRZ33 Get TheHumanist.com by email once a we...

8 days ago

American Humanist Association

No matter how right or how wrong, religion can not establish morality for the ma...

8 days ago

American Humanist Association

I have come across this many times. While this topic may not be important to all...

8 days ago

American Humanist Association

Jesus Cones! A new way to violate church-state separation, in Gwinnett County, G...

10 days ago

American Humanist Association

Well this is rad! AHA Board Member Herb Silverman is featured in this short (10...

11 days ago

American Humanist Association

It may seem silly, maybe even a blatant mockery, but if you really think about i...

11 days ago